HK/China market update 中港股市月報(Dec 31, 2014)

Share with you the market update on HK/China brought to you by BASE Asset Management Company Limited in English, Traditional Chinese.
 
各位,您好。這是由「基智資產管理有限公司」送上的「中港股市」月報。敬供參考(英文和中文版)。
 
Market Update 
 
Falling oil prices and heightening default risk in Russia were the major focus in December and these concerns have driven down the global equity markets, including the Hang Seng Index (HSI). However, only few markets can outperform and recorded positive returns in the month of December and that including the China A-shares and H-shares. 

Our house had actually foreseen this outcome in months ago and got well prepared for it. When people started raising the concern on oil prices and the default risk in Russia during December, our 
house has already increased our cash level substantially to around 30% level as this risk has already shown up on our radar system since October while nobody paying attention to this. Two months ago, we already stated the following in our monthly report: 
 
“Among those, Russia could be a high risk country that facing the economic collapse or risk of debt default as their economy is highly tied to the oil revenue; however, with the US dollar strength and the sharp fall in oil demand, along with an oversupply of oil, all these factors can contribute a further crash in oil prices (down to US$60 per barrel or even lower?) and will lead to a contraction of Russia’s economy”. 

So, it proved our radar system of monitoring the global systematic risk works properly and it does help us to react ahead of other fund managers by imposing some precautionary measures to manage the systematic risk. Meanwhile, it also provides a golden opportunity for us to cherry-pick some deep undervalued quality stocks or blue chips from investors’ panic selling actions as we have already loaded up with lots of bullets (cash). 

During the month of December, we saw huge selling pressure on all kind of stocks (esp. oil and new energy related) but huge buying only on Banks and Insurance sectors. To us, this kind of behavior was the momentum play and irrational as almost all investors were insane and in hurry doing the same actions before the year-end by unloading their existing holdings and rushing into the Financials sector on hope that China will cut the banks’ reserve requirement ratio soon. 

We think most of our clients should notice that our house surely would not join this kind of crazy game because one of our key investment philosophies is “We don’t SPECULATE by chasing the momentum. Instead, we INVEST by paying attention on the stocks that are trading at new low, with the crowd is dumping, and everybody is calling for sell”. This month, it showed a good example to our clients that we were doing what we said. When the market fell to the lowest level in the mid of the month, we started to use our ample cash to build up new positions on some heavily oversold large-cap energy related stocks. 

In terms of market performance, it was also performing like what we predicted in months ago that China A-shares and H-shares would outperform the HSI. Last month, we saw both China A and H-shares went up while HSI went down. We don’t want to repeat our thesis here again as the reasons have been stated in our previous reports. Going forward, we believe this theme will continue to last for another couple of months as the China A-shares will continue to be supported by the easing of domestic liquidity and imposing of more structural change policies while Hong Kong’s HSI will be 
dragged by i) the HK domestic companies with slowing growth momentum; and ii) liquidity outflow from Asia triggers by the strengthening of the US$. Although we feel positive on both A-shares and H-shares and we do believe A-shares could continue to outperform H-shares, we decided to take some profit on our A-shares ETF exposure (with around 40% profit gain) and switched in the H-shares ETF as we believe the latter is much cheaper with lower volatility and it will eventually catch up the A-shares performance. 
In terms of global systematic risk level, we continue to see a moderate easing situation as i) China has intensified the monetary easing cycle by imposing further action to inject another RMB5.5 trillion into the financial system; ii) impact of falling oil prices on the Russia debt crisis is contained; iii) impact of falling oil prices on U.S. high yield markets is contained. However, the moderate dropping of the risk level doesn’t mean it’s gone. For examples, the U.S. Dollar continues to strengthen and that will increase the threat from the unwinding of U.S. Dollar funded carry trades and continuous liquidity outflow from Asia. Apart from that, even though we believe the Greece might no longer be a systemic risk for the Eurozone, the contagion effect still exists if the whole European economies continue to deteriorate. As such, we just slightly cut down the cash level by few percentages and maintaining the cash level at around 20%.
For the whole year of 2014, our aggregate portfolios were up about 20% which was far better than the peers group and the HSI. Indeed, the year of 2014 was a tough year for the managers to get positive returns for clients. We believe our consistent outstanding performance is mainly contributed from our prudent investment philosophy and methodology, our hard work on research, disciplined, patience to wait for the values to unlock, and better control on our investment psychology. All these can be proved from the statistics.  
 
We believe the above results can show our superior performance is all coming from skills instead of luck and we will continue to do our best in order to deliver good absolute return to clients in the long run. 

On behalf of the Company, I would like to say a big thank you to all of our clients for your long-term trust and support to BASE. 
 
 
市場&投資組合回顧
 
十二月份的市場焦點主要是關於國際油價下跌和擔心俄羅斯出現違約風險,這些因素壓低了全球的主要股市,包括恆生指數(HSI)。然而,只有少數幾個市場可以跑贏並錄得正回報,其中包括中國A股和H股指數。

我們實際上在幾個月前已經預見到這種結果,並作出了充份的準備。當人們在十二月份開始擔心油價下跌和俄羅斯出現違約風險之際,我們已經大幅增加了我們的現金水平至30%左右。主要是因為我們的風險預警機制自十月份已開始發出了警示,即使當時仍沒有人關注這一點。
 
兩個月前,我們已經在月報裹指出:

“其中,俄羅斯可能是在眾多脆弱國家中面臨最高的經濟崩潰或債務違約的風險,因為其經濟結構是高度依賴於石油收入;然而,隨著美元走強和大幅下跌的石油需求,以及石油供過於多,這些因素將可能對油價造成進一步的崩潰式下跌(跌至60美元每桶,甚至更低?),並會導致俄羅斯經濟出現嚴重收縮。”

所以,這證明了我們用來監測全球系統性風險的預警機制能發揮起作用,它確實能幫助我們在其他基金經理未作出反應前,預早實施一些預防性措施來管理系統性風險。同時,它也能提供了一個千載難逢的機會,讓我們在投資者的恐慌性拋售行為中挑揀一些價值被低估的優質股或藍籌股,因為我們已經增持了大量現金在手。

在十二月裡,我們看到各類股票都受到巨大的拋售壓力(尤其是石油及相關新能源股),只有銀行和保儉業股份受到巨大的買盤支持。對我們來說,這是一種非理性的追逐勢頭熱炒行為,因為幾乎所有的投資者都像瘋了一樣,匆忙地在年結前沽清手上持倉股票和急於買進金融業股,預期中國將很快削減銀行的存款準備金率。

我們相信大多數“基智”的客戶都知道我們肯定不會參加這種瘋狂的熱炒和熱沽遊戲,因為我們其中一個主要的投資理念就是:“我們不會追逐勢頭作投機。相反,我們是投資,所以只留心於那些屢創“新低” ,被眾人厭棄,和被投行呼籲“沽售”的股票“。這個月的市況,留心於那些屢創“新低” ,被眾人厭棄,和被投行呼籲“沽售”的股票正好起了一個很好的例子給我們
的客戶作示範作用,表明了我們以往所說的,我們真的會實行出來。譬如當市場在這個月的中旬下跌到最低水平時,我們便開始用我們充裕的現金來買進一些嚴重超賣的大盤能源和相關類股票。
 
在市場表現方面,和我們在幾個月前預測一樣,中國A股和H股跑贏了恆指。上個月,我們既看到了中國A和H股上升,而恆指下跌。我們不想再在這裡作多次重複我們的論述,這種市場表現背後的原因已在我們之前的月報中已經指出。展望未來,我們相信這種市況仍會繼續維持數個月時間。因為中國A股仍將繼續受國內流動性的寬鬆政策和新一輪的結構性改革措施予以支持。相反地,香港恆生指數將受到以下兩種因素所拖累: i)香港本地企業增長放緩;和ii)強美元下引發美元融資套利交易拆倉和大量資金流出亞洲的威脅。雖然我們對中國A股和H股展望仍然樂觀,我們甚至相信A股可能繼續跑贏H股,但是我們決定把我們組合內的A股ETF作部份獲利(大約有40%的利潤增益),並切換至H股ETF。我們認為H股ETF相對A股便宜,波幅率又較低,而且股價有望可最終趕上了A股的表現。
 
在全球系統性風險水平方面,我們繼續看到一個輕度舒緩情況,因為: i)中國已採取進一步的貨幣寬鬆行動,注入RMB5.5萬億美元進入金融體系;ii)油價下跌對俄羅斯的債務危機未有擴散跡象; iii)油價下跌對美國高息債券市場未能造成振盪。然而,風險水平的輕度舒緩並不意味著全部消失了。舉例來說,在美元繼續走強下,這將引發美元融資套利交易拆倉和持續大量資金流出亞洲的威脅。此外,儘管我們認為希臘不再可能對整個歐元區造成一個系統性風險危機,但是如果整個歐洲經濟繼續惡化,歐債危機蔓延效應依然存在。因此,我們在十二月只要稍微降低了幾個百分點現金水平,整體現金仍保持在20%左右的水平。
 
對於2014年全年,我們合計的投資組合總額上漲約20%,遠比恆生指數和其它同類基金表現優勝。事實上,對基金經理而言,2014年是一個很難為客戶尋求正回報的一年。而我們“基智”能夠持續地做出這驕人成績,相信主要是我們公司擁有一套審慎的投資理念和方法,仔細的研究分柝,有紀律,耐心地等待投資的潛在價值得到釋放,以及嚴緊地控制我們的投資情緒。以上所說的都可從統計分柝證明出來。

我們認為,上述的結果可以顯示我們的持續卓越表現是基於我們的投資技考,而不是靠運氣打做出來的。我們將繼續竭盡所能,為我們的客戶提供卓越的長期絕對正回報。

在此,我代表本公司,非常感謝我們所有客戶對我們的長期信任和支持。
(*BASE,基智資產管理有限公司於2011年設立,專門管理客人專戶投資組合,特別為客人設計投資策略。投資團隊有三位成員,在資產管理行業經驗共超過50年。)

One thought on “HK/China market update 中港股市月報(Dec 31, 2014)

  1. Pingback: 香港・中国市場の動き (2014.12.31) | JL News Blog

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